New growers always want to know: How to grow weed indoors? Marijuana is a fast growing and plant and can grow under not so ideal conditions also making it perfect for beginners. Growing marijuana indoors always has a lot of advantages when compared to growing marijuana outdoors. Indoors, you have the control to change temperature, lighting, humidity, etc. depending on several stages of your weed growth cycle. Outside, you would have to worry about someone stealing your plant or getting caught by authorities if you are growing illegitimately. I am so glad you are here because it took me so long to research and learn how to grow good marijuana indoors, and it would be a great pleasure to let you know how to do the same.
You may hear that growing marijuana isn’t that easy of a job. But trust me, once you know the proper steps and basics of growing cannabis, you will be delighted to find out that it is not really that hard. In this guide, I will point out the steps that you will help you to start growing marijuana indoors, and all the steps here come from a person who took a lot of time to figure out, grow the best tasting and flavored marijuana and then came up with the best steps to grow weed. I want to wish all my readers an excellent luck for being successful in growing marijuana indoors.
There is evidence that Marijuana is useful for relieving severe pain, nausea, and other chronic conditions. However, there are also numerous health concerns that arise from taking Marijuana. So, I insist on growing responsibly.
A few infos on Marijuana:
Marijuana (Cannabis Sativa, basically a hemp plant) is also known by many names such as weed, herb, pot, grass, bud, ganja, Mary Jane, 420 and a vast number of other slang terms.
It is essential to focus on the quality of the conditions in which you will grow your marijuana since these factors will affect the quality of the grass that you harvest, such as effects on the body of the inhaler, taste, aroma and power.
Now, what are the factors that you will need to consider to grow marijuana indoors?
- Lights – what kind of lights will you be using
- Water – how and when to water your plants
- Air – Adequate air for your plants
- Choosing a growing medium – Soil isn’t the only choice, you can choose from a lot to grow your stuff.
- Nutrients – Fertilizers
- Water – You need to feed your plants with water, because like all other plants, cannabis also needs water to survive.
- Temperature – The temperature in your grow room should be too hot, shouldn’t be too cold.
What is the impact of marijuana as a drug? Does it have both positive and negative effects? If yes, what are those?
Marijuana has positive impacts on the following conditions: Helps in relieving pain, helps tackle changes in mood in a better way, helps in building better and positive thoughts, alleviates stress, helps in reducing nausea, increases level of pleasure toward things like music, sex etc., heightens all the senses, helps in inducing hunger.
Marijuana has negative effects too. Like any other euphoric drug, cannabis – when used excessively, it can have detrimental effects like respiratory disorders, slower thought process, increased nausea, sleeplessness, headaches, dizziness, increased anxiety, short term memory loss, increased stress levels, might lead to addiction, etc.
Steps of growing marijuana:
Coming back to the main point of the article, I am going to illustrate in details a step by step guide on how to grow marijuana indoors. Happy reading!
Healthy parents make healthy babies – this holds true for seeds too. Healthy plants only will produce healthy and quality seeds. Features of plants like the height, length, color, scent, and quality – all depend on the seeds.
You want to get the best of marijuana after working hard on growing the stuff, so make sure that you select the best quality seeds for your crop to yield the best harvest. While choosing your seeds, be always sure to select the seeds that are hard and light brown in color. Green & soft seeds aren’t mature or ready for germination. Only a healthy and strong seed can yield great results.
After selecting your seeds, you will proceed with germination. Germination is the process of the growth of a plant contained within a seed; which results in the formation of the seedling. Here a healthy and mature seed is kept in certain environmental conditions to break down and produce a seedling. However, you should know that only 2 out of 10 seeds will grow to become healthy female marijuana plants, while the others may spoil or grow as male plants.
In the process of seed germination, the seeds must be provided with moisture, air and heat. After germination, you need to remove all the unnecessary male or less developed sprouts and focus on growing healthy female marijuana plants.
A healthy seed takes on an average of about 2 to 7 days to germinate. But the period may vary by different factors such as the quality of seeds, temperature, moisture, etc. Farmers take the germination session twice to get more female plants. Best suggestion is to germinate in the hot months since it will bring you more useful results. Grower mat might also work, but it is not that budget friendly. Moisture, heat and air – when seeds are supplied with these nutrients, they start germinating, and the white colored sprouts keep growing longer and longer. As soon as the size of the sprouts reaches up to about quarter an inch, you know it’s the perfect time to shift these germinated seeds to other mediums such as rockwool tray or pots where it will grow to become a baby plant and then it can be shifted to a garden or hydroponic system.
Different steps on germinating seeds:
You can follow many processes to germinate your seeds, but a main suggestion would be to try and germinate other seeds before germinating your costly marijuana seed, as you obviously wouldn’t want to waste your seeds. Listed are different techniques for germinating seeds:
This is one of the most popular ways of germinating seeds. What you need to do is fill a container with warm water. Remember not to make the water too hot. Put the seeds in the warm water and observe if there are seeds which start floating on the top. You should then remove these floating seeds because the most viable seeds will not float and remain at the bottom of the container. You can then cover the container with a lid in such a way so that no light can reach the inside of the cup. The seeds will within 48 hours or so; some seeds might even sprout just within 24 hours, although it depends on different factors.
This process is also one of the most popular and traditional ways of germinating seeds since this method is easy, and it actually works. Take a pot with a hole at the bottom of it- fill it with soil, pour water in it and let the water drain from the pot through the hole at the bottom. Then dig soil from the surface and let a pencil or any other pointed tool go beneath a quarter of an inch, put the seed in and then refill the space with soil. Spray water and keep the soil moist at room temperature (around 78 degrees Fahrenheit) unless you see a small sprout coming outside. With this process, the seeds might take around 5 to 7 days to germinate.
A couple of dishes, a couple of paper towels and water are all you need to grow your seeds using this method. Heat some water and bring it to boiling point, then use the boiling water to rinse both the dishes so that there are no germs left. Then soak the paper towels in hot water and squeeze to make them damp and warm. Now, place one paper towel on a dish, put some seeds on it, cover them with the second paper towel and then cover the seeds up with the second dish. This will help resist sunlight or any sort of light to enter in this environment. Usually, seeds take 2 to 5 days to germinate through this process. You should not leave the germinated seeds on the towels for too long, remove them from paper towel as soon as you see the sprouts.
Propagation kits are designed for yielding good results for germination of seeds and is inexpensive. In this method, you have to pour the seeds from tiny holes, then add the germination hormones which comes with the kit, and then the process gets started. You know when to take your seeds out; when you see the sprouts.
- Germinating in Peat Briquette: This is a very easy, safe and reliable method of germinating marijuana seeds. You need to soak a peat briquette in water and let it swell. Now, push a seed into the hole and keep it at a warm temperature of around 95 degrees Fahrenheit. Keep them moist and wait for the sprouts to come out, then shift the sprouts somewhere else for growing the plant.
You can select any of the methods mentioned above of germinating seeds depending on what suits you the best.
Seedling : Growing seedlings
You have come to know a bit of how to grow weed indoors. Now, once you see that your seeds have sprouted and are about a quarter of an inch long, then you know that it is time to replant it in a pot and let it grow up to become a small marijuana plant. A seedling of marijuana is a pair of two leaves that are generally called “seedling leaf” or “cotyledon”. The cotyledon initially stores food and helps in growing a healthy plant. When real leaves start growing in the plant, cotyledon turns pale yellow and then falls off. A baby plant needs an intensive care at this stage. Make sure not to water the plant too much; it is one of the biggest mistakes that most of the beginners make with their cannabis seedlings. The amount of light the plant receives should also be given importance as this is a critical factor.
I want to tell to the newbie growers especially, that the growth of plant at this stage will appear slow and it’s ok. Don’t get tensed about it. It is actually developing from inside; the roots are developing, so the growth of the plant looks slow. Do not try to over fertilize or over water the plant too to increase its growth rate. It can have disastrous effects on your plant and eventually kill your plant. Also, feed your marijuana seedling with light; they require approximately 16 hours of light on a daily basis.
The next step to grow your cannabis plant would be to transplant it. However, you managed to grow your seedlings, now its time to transplant those seedlings into your indoor grow garden or hydroponic system, where your plants will have to grow up to produce some best quality weed out of it. For transplanting the seedlings, you should first dig holes in the soil and then place the seedlings carefully inside. If you drop the seedling along with Rockwool tube, it is okay, as it never affects the growth of a plant in any manner.
The growing phase
Now that the plants are growing, you need to pay attention to a few important things. The first and foremost thing to focus on is the nutrient deficiency or efficiency. Both of these usually have the same symptoms. The period between 3rd to 5th week of your plant growth could be the best time to understand if the plant is growing healthily or not. You will know that the plant is growing the right way if the color of your plant is green, branches are strong and dense, and all other things are looking fine.
A few stems of the plant in its early days could appear purple. You don’t have to worry about it since it is not an abnormality, it is a normal thing. Genetics happen to cause this purple color, nothing else. Try and regulate humidity if you are growing plants indoors. High humidity aids in escalating or increasing the growth rate of female plants while low humidity is good for the growth of male plants. The same thing applies to temperature as well. Low temperature is helpful for female plants’ fast growth while high temperature is right for male plants. In the case of lighting, blue spectrum light energy stimulates the growth rate of female plants and red spectrum light stimulates the growth rate of the male ones. Lower nitrogen levels are suitable for female plants while higher levels of nitrogen nourish male plants really efficiently. Similarly, you will have to keep the potassium level low for female plants while for male plants, you will have to keep the potassium level high.
How to Grow Marijuana? (Guide for beginners)
You will now learn about the most important topics in more details that will help you become a perfect marijuana grower. You can select any method and medium you choose to grow your indoor marijuana, depending on your feasibility, needs, etc. Following are the processes from which you could select one or more:
- Growing with soil using germination process
- Growing by cloning Process
- Growing hydroponically
The most trusted and popular methods of cultivation are with soil. So, I would recommend newbies to go for growing with soil. Reasons are: it is a very cost effective way and has fewer risks when compared to other processes. But, it is entirely up to you if you want to grow your crop indoors or outdoor. I will now write down a detailed guide to all these methods of growing cannabis so that you know and understand what method suits you the most and why.
Growing with Soil Using Germination Process:
I have already mentioned above in this article the reasons why growing cannabis with soil is better than other methods by far. Reasons are: it is cost effective, high-yielding, reliable, and most preferred way of growing your own marijuana by far. But for beginners, it’s relatively easy to grow in containers and has fewer chances of failure. You also might not have plans to grow this to a large business, so you may choose to grow in containers.
Growing in Containers:
The advantage of growing your marijuana in containers is that you will be able to look after each plant individually and pay particular attention to them. That way, you’ll be able to identify the rotten or under grown cannabis plants. You can use anything as a container: a pot, small bucket, wooden box, etc. and make some holes (about 1 centimeter sized) at the bottom of the container to drain out excess water. Remember that the color of the container should be dark, you could also paint it black as it is the best option; it helps in spreading the light to the depth of roots. You can plant your cannabis in smaller containers in the beginning since they are much easier to handle, but as the plants start growing rapidly, you need to shift them to bigger containers because the roots of cannabis are very long. I have seen and heard that many growers or farmers grow their plants in small plastic shoppers in the beginning as it is economic and then once the plant grows big, they are shifted to other appropriate sized containers. You can also make your own container by using old and rejected pots, wooden boxes, big sized bottles or bowls. Just make sure to clean them first and then make properly sized holes at the bottom of the pots so that they are big enough to drain all the excess water out.
Growing in the Ground:
You might not be able to find a place at your home where you can grow marijuana in the ground, plus where you will have abundant sunlight to hit the area, especially if you are planning on growing marijuana indoors. But if you have a place, then you should utilize that area and start growing weed in it. Just be cautious about the spacing of the plants – try and leave proper and uniform space after each plant so that you could boost the efficiency of your plants.
Some Necessary Information
If you are planning on growing marijuana on soil, you need to make sure that you choose the right soil for the healthy growth of your cannabis plants. You should choose it right. Make sure that the soil doesn’t drain out all the water. It should be drainable, but it should also retain some water without letting them all drain out. The most important factors to keep in mind while selecting the right type of soil for marijuana are PH level of the soil, nutrients, and texture. Organic soil is suitable for growing everything, the same applies for growing cannabis plants. It has what it takes to produce the best quality marijuana crop. The texture of soil also plays a significant role in growing marijuana, so make sure that the soil is fluffy, light and can drain the water but retain some as well.
Transplanting of Plants:
As I have stated earlier in this article, transplanting means shifting plants from small containers to bigger ones or moving them to the ground of your cultivating area if you have one. The method of transplanting a plant is easy, but it’s a bit tricky too. Please make sure that you take the plant out of the container very carefully along with the roots also holding all the soil together. Do not remove the plant without the soil by just pulling it out. That way, the roots will be strained and damaged, and your plant might not grow well. First, dig a hole and then shift your plants. Usually, transplantation of a plant causes a little harm to the roots of the plant, so it needs some time to settle. Try if you can, to transplant at night so that it has enough time to rest before starting to function during the day time.
Below are the primary nutrients which play a major role in the growth of cannabis:
Nitrogen: Nitrogen is one of an essential element that acts as leaves and stems growth stimulant. So make sure to supply your plant with enough nitrogen. Nitrogen deficiency could lead to the plant’s leaves turn yellow. Use as much nitrogen as you can especially during vegetation to ensure the smooth growth of your plant.
Phosphorus: Phosphorus is one of the major nutrients which play a key role in the process of photosynthesis, respiration, energy storage and transfer, cell division, cell enlargement and several other processes in plants. It is recommended to use more phosphorus than nitrogen during the flowering.
Potassium: Potassium is necessary for building and transferring sugars in cannabis plants. It also serves as an essential element for absorption, aiding and rapid growth of the plant. Leaves with a potassium deficiency get yellow, brownish, or appear to have burnt tips around the edges.
Water: When it comes to watering your marijuana plant, you must take two factors into account: The size of the container and the light’s intensity. HED lights affect water level in the plant due to the high degree of intensity that they have. You need to water your plants every other day because along with water, roots need some air too. So keeping your plant a bit dry is okay. But not too much, since the plant might suffer from dehydration.
pH Level: This is really important for you to monitor carefully, especially for your cannabis plants. The best pH level for the survival of your marijuana plant is 6.7 to 6.2. If you ignore the pH levels, then it can lead to the devastation of the whole crop.
Putting too many fertilisers and organic compounds may disturb the pH level in a plant. So please do a thorough research before using any fertiliser on your plants. It is suggested that using normal manure as fertiliser is just fine for marijuana. You don’t need to find some extra-ordinary fertiliser to feed your plant with.
The method of Cloning:
Since we have already discussed how to grow marijuana from seeds, it’s time to move on to another process of growing cannabis plant. The cloning method is also known as one of the best methods of growing weed, and it’s also used widely by cultivators and also indoor weed growers. To get started with this process, first, you need to select a few donor plants, cut their shoots and branches, plant them in a separate medium and let them grow there. It’s assured that all the plants whose clone has been taken from a mother plant will turn out to be females. And you know for sure how good female plants can be for producing weed.
Why is cloning such a famous process and why do many growers and cultivators use this? That’s because it has many advantages. Although it has a few drawbacks too, like any other method; I would still highly recommend you try cloning if you already have some healthy and productive marijuana plants in your grow area. You can just select a few donor plants from the existing ones in your garden and then make some clones from them.
Listed below are a few pros and cons of cloning:
The advantages of Cloning-
Cloning can save you a lot of time as compared to growing with seeds all over. Because all that you need to do is select a few plants, make a few clones and then place them in their growing mediums and let them grow. Whereas, in the method of growing with seeds – it takes days in germination, the growth of seedling, and then becoming a plant. Another advantage is that it saves your money as well because you don’t need to buy seeds if you already have a few plants, you can just take clones out of them. It’s assured that you will get female plants as a result. In this method, plants also start producing the weed way earlier than that with the seed method as rooted clones of marijuana take very less time in flowering. The characteristics of the produced weed will be the same as the mother plant or in some cases, even better in the context of taste, aroma and after effects.
Drawbacks of Cloning-
The main disadvantage of cloning is genetic uniformity. Lack of genetic diversity could lead to more chances of the clone plants to get infected with insects, pests, viruses and other diseases. That is because these plants will have the same weaknesses as the mother plants. The other disadvantage is that, with cloning, you will have the same taste, fragrance and after effects as that of the mother plant. This way you might end up missing the variety you would have gotten if you went with the seed process where you would be able to select seeds with different taste, aroma, and other features.
Another thing with clones is that you should always find clones from your existing cannabis plants. That way you will be assured that the clones are reliable. Whereas, if you get clones from other sources, you don’t know how the resulting weed from that plant will be like. It will be like a shot in the dark. Also, clones are very sensitive and are not that easy to handle. At the slightest mishandling or rough handling, they might die out of shock.
Since all the clones are always going to be females, the breeding process in the future could turn out to be difficult.
Steps on making clones:
The first step is to choose the mother plant. Make sure to choose a healthy, productive and disease free plant to make your clones.
You should make 50% more clones than the number of plants that you want to grow. That’s because all the clones are not going to grow to become healthy plants. Most of them may die due to several reasons. The best time to cut the clones is before the plant starts flowering. Keep your hands clean. All your tools and growing area must be clean too, remove all the dirt.
Before planting, pH balanced medium should be ready too. Have all the clones within you immediate reach at the time of planting them.
Select the suitable clones (shorter clones are usually the more preferred ones, having two to three nodes only). Treat your clone with a rooting solution fungicidal-b1 mix because it can help create some extra potential that will help in growing a healthy and fruitful plant.
Next steps would be to put these clones in rockwool cubes.
Remember to soak the rockwools over night in a pH balanced solution. The next step would be to figure out dome and lighting. You need to spray the inside of the humidity dome with a no damp-solution. Do not spray the solution on to the clones directly.
Place the covered clone tray along with the humidity dome at a place where a suitable amount of white fluorescent light is available. This could be natural sunlight or T9 grow light or may HID light. Remember to uncover the clone tray daily for air-circulation. However, the humidity dome should be removed on the 5th day. Then you have to check if the plant started growing roots or not. You could check by tugging the plant slightly upwards. If the plant has roots formed already, it will not come out of the cube. And if it hasn’t developed roots, then it will come out of the cube very easily. Remember that you are supposed to check this only on the 10th day. And be gentle while tugging the plant. Don’t be too rough. The roots might break off if you pull too hard.
Don’t worry if you see some leaves turn yellow during this phase. It means the plant started growing roots and during this process, plant consumes all the nutrients from fan leaves. So it is actually a good sign. As the process of rooting continues, you have to spray it with water every once in a while. Once you receive signs of plants being rooted, you are supposed to water them properly and drain the rooting solution out of the cube as it would be of no use at this stage. During this critical phase, check if the plant is wilting. You can check it by opening the tent a little bit, and if you find no wilting for 4 to 6 hours, it means you should proceed to the next step. You can now transfer these clones to the HID lights, or you can plant them in the soil. Ensure that they get 15 to 18 hours of light. They need this much light to get to the vegetation phase. Also, don’t worry if you find your clones wilting, just check if they are placed properly in their respective mediums. Keep a look on the light as well; it shouldn’t be too bright and should be adjusted according to the need of the plant.
Hydroponics is also used widely by many growers because of the big yields that they give. But like any other method, it has it’s own set of advantages and disadvantages.
You do not need soil in this process of growing hence making it a cleaner way of growing weed indoors. People who do not like to deal with dirt like this process very much because it’s less messy.
Because it’s a controlled system, it leads to lesser pollution of the environment. It also generates a high amount of quality weed.
No dry spots and root drowning are observed because of the controlled system of hydroponics. Less water needs to be used hence cutting down water cost because water is already available in the system. Nutrients are also under the system, so it saves you some money here as well. It’s easy to prevent hydroponic system from getting infected or attacked by insects since the plants are grown in a controlled environment. Plants grow rapidly in this system.
Hydroponics is an expensive process of growing marijuana. You need to monitor the system regularly and is electricity dependent.
A small mistake could lead to the destruction the whole thing which you have been planning to prepare for ages.
Steps on how to grow weed indoors Hydroponically:
Please make sure to follow every step properly.
The first step is to gather all the important basic items necessary for growing cannabis. These could be seeds or clones (depends on your preference), white color paint, hydroponic nutrients, containers or pots, medium for containers such as coconut coir, fluorescent lighting system, timer, pH detection, etc.
Next step would be to prepare your walls to get a greater yield of weed. Since you are growing indoor, you need to ensure that you provide your crop with an appropriate amount of light. For that, you need to prep your wall by painting them semi-white. Then you have to set up the lights and hang them at the most suitable spot. For the average growth of your plant, you need to provide your plant with about 3000 lumens per square foot. And around 7000 to 10000 lumens per square foot, for much higher yield. Also, keep in mind that your light system should not be a reason for overheating. That could cause an ultimate burn out of a plant. 90 degree Fahrenheit is the maximum temperature that a marijuana plant can bear. You must also ensure that you grow area has a proper ventilation system for your plants as it is an essential requirement for an ideal environment to cultivate crops.
Next step is to select how to grow weed indoors for yourself. You should choose between seeds and cloning. Since seeds need to germinate properly before planting, you need to choose the best seeds and germinate them using the methods I have mentioned in the article before already. Then transfer the germinated seeds to Rockwool block which is important for the initial growth phase of the plants. Then you can start watering your plant and feed with other nutrients in your hydroponic system. The ideal pH level at this stage should be around 5.0 to 6.0. Start giving average amount of nutrients and then keep increasing gradually. Always keep in mind not to overfeed your plants with nutrients as that can be devastating for them. Check and keep adjusting the supply of light according to the requirements of your plants. Too less light or more light could be problematic for your cannabis plant. Same thing goes for proper ventilation; keep monitoring this too.
The next crucial phases are vegetation and flowering. So you need to ensure perfect environmental conditions for the vegetation and flowering of plants. You could also use the height of your plant to determine the growth time for your plants in the vegetative phase. The usual height for a plant to be in a vegetative phase is around 6 to 18’’. This height may double during the stage of flowering; you can then understand that your plant has reached its flowering stage. Since light has a very important role to play in the flowering phase of a plant, make sure that light is being provided to plant for 12 hours a day. Once you are done with setting up the favorable light conditions for your grow garden, you would now be able to determine the sex of the plant. Female plants start growing white hairs whereas you will be able to see small balls on the male ones.
You should now start removing all the male plants now because they will pollinate the females. And pollinated plants will never develop that amazing taste that the non-pollinated plants will. Then comes the stage of the plant growth where you’ll have to wait for it to become mature. Do not lose patience here, as it might take around 6-12 weeks for your cannabis plants to become fully mature.
Before a week of harvesting, supply the plants with water only. Avoid using fewer nutrients at this time, since you may end up feeling the taste of those nutrients while smoking weed. Next step is to check if the hairs of plants have turned out to be brown or not. When you can see that 50 to 75% of the hairs have turned brown, you understand that it’s time to harvest your marijuana.
The importance of light in growing cannabis:
Cannabis plants require ample amount of light to grow. This is one of the most critical factors for the greater yield of weed. Light is also crucial for their maintenance as they won’t be able to sustain if the suitable amount and proper type of lighting are not provided to them. It doesn’t matter where you grow your cannabis – in soil or in a hydroponic system; light is the most wanted nutrient for the healthy growth of the plants.
There are many options to choose lighting system from to grow weed indoors. Different systems come with their own set of advantages and disadvantages. The various lighting systems could be – bulbs, reflectors, ballast, timer, etc. Any proper lighting system which has the capability to stimulate the hormones of the plants which could aid in the rapid growth of cannabis plants can be result oriented, and you could choose them. Of course, you can select lights based on your budget and your grow area too.
Important Information about the Role of Light (very important to grow weed indoors):
You need to determine the color and temperature of light before choosing a lighting system. Various colors ranges will have various impacts. You can get help from CCT (correlated color temperature) to determine as CCT rating tells the magnitude of the temperature of HID fluorescent lights.
When you do a small research before setting up a lighting system, you will find that different growers are using the maximum 1000 wattage for growing cannabis plants. More than 1000 watt will be harmful to plants, but less than 1000 will be just fine. It’s already mentioned in this post that a marijuana crop needs at least of 3000 lumens per square foot. Lumens is a metric used to determine the light emitted by any light source per square foot. For getting maximum productivity out of cannabis plants, you should supply 7000 to 10,000 lumens per square foot.
Sources of Light
You know that when you grow a plant indoor, there will be no natural light or sun light available for the plants. So you will need some artificial light source to provide to your plants for photosynthesis (the process where plants make food). You can find some useful information regarding that below:
Some LED grow lights for growing weed indoors, and fluorescent lights are perfect for the growth of marijuana plant. They are an excellent source of lighting that cannabis plant requires and are used worldwide by many growers. I have mentioned quite a few times that cannabis sativa needs a good amount of light and you cannot just ignore this requirement if you are a serious grower and want to yield great results. Compact fluorescent light (short named CFL) is also available on the market. The good thing about CFLs is their availability. You can find them almost everywhere. Whereas, you might not find HID lights everywhere.
LED lighting system, at its early times, was underrated and not appreciated. But today, LED lights are highly preferred and bought for growing plants indoors. There are so many benefits that these LED grow lights have. Out of all the advantages that they have, I must mention that the best one is it produces full spectrum light with a very low level of heat.
Placement of Light
The distance of light from plant varies depending on the type of light you are using. In a case of heat emitting grow lights, you should place them a bit farther above the plant. And if the light you use, does not emit too much heat then you can hang it at the height of 10 to 14 inches from the plant.
Lighting Schedules for Different Stages of the growing marijuana plant
Cannabis plants require different schedules and hours of lighting, depending on their phases of growth. At its seedling stage, a Marijuana plant needs 16 to 18 hours of proper lighting. In the vegetative stage, the requirement increases to 18 to 24 hours daily.
In the flowering stage, cannabis plant requires 12 hours of lighting.
Light plays a vital role in the nourishment of marijuana plants. I am sure you want excellent quality weed after all the hard work you are putting in for growing weed indoors. Then please make sure that you supply proper lighting according to the demand of cannabis sativa. If you don’t provide good lighting to grow marijuana, it can cause bad effects on the yield.
Here comes the best part. After a long wait of growing marijuana, you finally want to harvest the crop and enjoy the weed. But many growers think that harvesting weed is tough and requires too much effort. It is only a misconception about marijuana that is being spread. Harvesting is a super fun thing to do after putting so much hard work and patience in the growing phases of the plants. Now is the time to learn the most interesting, fun and awesome part of the whole process.
Best time to harvest:
You can determine the right time to harvest marijuana by just looking at the color of the pistils or hairs covering the buds. You will notice that at the beginning they were white, but during the time of harvesting, they turn dark brown. When you see that their color turned into dark brown, you understand that it’s probably the right time to make your harvesting tools ready.
How to Harvest?
Be patient and on the day of harvesting, start off early in the morning. Harvesting is not a difficult thing to do but probably a very time-consuming work. Start by cutting the plant completely from its roots. Do the same thing to all the plants that you grew in your grow area. Best thing would be, to begin with cutting the heavier and larger plants first. After you’re done with cutting, trimming and manicuring are the next steps. When you’re done, you could leave them in a place, where you want the plants to dry. The cheapest, most economical and most reliable way to dry your plants are to leave them in the open air. If you want, you could buy drying machines too; they are also available in the markets these days which help in drying your cannabis quickly and efficiently. But if you could wait this long, I would suggest to go easy on your pocket and let them dry naturally.
What Time of Day to Select for Harvesting?
The night is the best time to harvest. It’s a good idea to harvest in the dark because we all know that the female plants store food which they prepared during the day time via photosynthesis. But hey, wait, this rule applies to those who grew marijuana outside in the open air and sun. Since you are an indoor grower, you need to pick a time as per your plant’s lighting schedule. If you provided light to them in the night hours, then you should harvest the product in the day time. If you provided light to your plants in the day hours, then go for the harvesting in the night. Look at the number of plants that you’ve been growing in your grow area. Then estimate the amount of time that you think you will take in cutting all those plants. That way you can decide when to start harvesting so that you get done by the time you want to get free of this task.
Time to make the weed burnable and tasty
You must already be knowing a primary thing that plants don’t die when you cut them. They only end up dying when their water is dried up. So as a matter of fact, you need to leave them at least for 7 days in a normal temperature of around 70 degrees Fahrenheit and 50 percent humidity to dry the moisture from the plant first. Just be patient here during this process.
After drying, the next step is curing. Curing would take more time if the harvesting were not done properly according to the standards. Professional growers who are aware of the proper ways to harvest marijuana don’t take too many days in curing. Why is curing important? It’s in order to make the herb smooth and flawless to smoke. Mostly, the buds are cured within 2 weeks after drying. The maximum time they can take to cure is around 14 to 16 days.
At this period, don’t be in a rush and let the buds cure for a long time. It’s understandable that you might grow impatient. But it’s okay because you are a new, inexperienced grower, so you might not know what a little mistake can cost you. If you don’t let the buds cure, you will get less effective and low-quality yield which you would not like after putting so much hard work, time and money.
Curing is a necessary process for the evenness of the moisture in any herb. So is the case with marijuana; to make the drying process even and slower, we need to give the plants time to get cured.
Some facts about curing and drying
THC is the element present in fresh marijuana which turns into psychoactive items that make you a high after smoking it. Dried and cured weed are always much more flavorful, tastier and much more efficient than that of the fresh ones. Buds go to frail when they are dried too fast. So make sure not to increase the level of humidity. Set the humidity between 45% – 55% to attain the better results.
Air circulation is also very critical during curing; so you might need to open the bins for at least 10 minutes every 4 hours.
I have bought many guide books on growing marijuana indoors and have been following them. But they were not very helpful regarding understanding properly especially for new growers who want to get started with growing weed indoors for the first time or are looking and researching on ‘how to grow weed indoors.’ And those books are very lengthy and time-consuming. That’s why I wanted to write a post on how to grow weed indoors and I did it. It took me long to finish writing this article. And I included much information from those books as well but in simple language so that it’s understandable by every marijuana lovers. I hope you liked this post and I look forward to receiving your feedback on the efforts that I made and if this post is helpful for you or not.
I wish you all the best in growing your stuff! Feel free to browse through my other posts for more information.